How Performance-enhancing Drugs WorkFind tahletes what your classmates are up to and how you can stay involved with Northwestern. It can make a super athlete incredible. But to come to terms with a risk, athletes need to evaluate not only the upside and the downside, but also their probability of being caught. It begs the question — are athletes why do some athletes take anabolic steroids use PEDs slackers looking for an easy edge that can lead to extra money, or, are they why do some athletes take anabolic steroids rational gamblers? How Prevalent is Drug Use in Sports?
Performance-enhancing drugs: Know the risks - Mayo Clinic
Athletes face enormous pressure to excel in competition. They also know that winning can reap them more than a gold medal. A star athlete can earn a lot of money and a lot of fame, and athletes only have a short time to do their best work.
Athletes know that training is the best path to victory, but they also get the message that some drugs and other practices can boost their efforts and give them a shortcut, even as they risk their health and their athletic careers.
As far back as ancient Greece, athletes have often been willing to take any preparation that would improve their performance. But it appears that drug use increased in the s. The precise reason for the increase is uncertain, but we do know that anabolic-androgenic steroids were made available for sale during this period and the East German government began giving drugs to its athletes in an attempt to excel on an international level [source: The Guardian ] [source: Sports Injury Bulletin ].
Athletes may also misuse drugs to relax, cope with stress or boost their own confidence. Athletes may have several reasons for using performance-enhancing drugs. An athlete may want to: The classes of drugs used for these purposes are shown above. Most of the drugs shown are banned outright in Olympic competitions. However, some of these drugs, such as cortisone and local anesthetics, are allowed with certain restrictions in Olympic competition because they have legitimate clinical uses.
We'll look at each major class of drug and tell you about the dangerous side effects. How the Olympic Opening Ceremonies Work. The Olympic Decathlon Winner: The Best Athlete in the World? Honey Helps Gymnasts Get a Grip. How Performance-enhancing Drugs Work. Why Some Athletes Use Drugs. Related Content " ". How to Start a Rowing Club.