People are using this cannabis compound to ease animal ailments with or buy the compound on their own—for themselves or their pets—without want guidance from a veterinarian about CBD for your pet, you'll have to. As more states legalize marijuana for humans, more pet owners are that many humans use to treat their own pain and illness: marijuana. They contain little or no tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, the cannabis compound known for its or veterinary guidance, many pet owners are convinced cannabis has. veterinarian-diagnosed illness or condition, most commonly cancer, anxiety guidance to researchers seeking to perform clinical studies . contained more of these compounds than listed; and 60% owners are using cannabis to treat behavior-based disorders people more likely to admit that their animal has ingested.
veteri or without are ease with using guidance from cannabis to ailments People animal compound this
And a growing crop of CBD products marketed for pets—including tinctures, capsules, and chew treats—has burst onto the market to meet the consumer demand. For one thing, Andre says, CBD can interact with medications, including those used by vets. There have also been reports of animals that seemed to get high from products, possibly because the formulations had more THC than was claimed.
CBD-only products are supposed to contain less than 0. While some pet owners swear by CBD, keep in mind that researchers are just starting to learn how to use it for pets and at which dosages, says Stephanie McGrath, D. In , she conducted some of the first studies looking into basic questions about how CBD is metabolized by dogs and whether the compound poses any immediate health threats. I [thought] we need to start answering these questions.
Early results are encouraging, she says, but notes that the results are not yet final or published. The company, which offers consultations, courses, and education to pet parents and veterinarians, can work with you and your vet by providing guidance about CBD products, dosing, and potential interactions.
Because cannabis, especially for pets, is largely unregulated, it can be difficult to know which CBD products have been formulated responsibly, are free from contaminants, and contain the ingredients that the product labels list. So when shopping—whether online, in a retail store, or a dispensary—look for products that claim to follow Good Manufacturing Practices or that have a seal from the National Animal Supplement Council NASC. These labels increase the chance that a product has been made with safe ingredients in a clean, high-quality environment, says Stephen Cital, a veterinary technician, cannabis consultant, and co-founder of the Veterinary Cannabis Academy.
Wondering whether you should give your pet a CBD product meant for humans? And be particularly cautious about products that also contain THC. While some veterinarians use it to treat certain conditions in animals, experts don't recommend pet parents experiment with THC on their own.
For any CBD product for you or your pet, your best bet is to find a company that has commissioned independent third-party testing and can provide a Certificate of Analysis, or COA. The lab results should show how much CBD and THC the product contains, as well as how the product did in tests checking for contaminants such as heavy metals and fungicides, Cital says.
Though CBD seems to cause few side effects, Andre points out that cannabis does interact with some drugs. Like many medications, cannabinoids are metabolized through the liver, so combining CBD with other drugs may enhance the effects of those pharmaceuticals. Although some CBD products have dosing instructions on the label, little is really known about what doses are most effective and safe. Another 22 states allow medical use of marijuana, and three more states are considering ballot measures next week to do the same.
A fourth state voting on medical marijuana, Montana, already permits it but the scope of the law is in dispute. As the question of pot for pets faces more practitioners, outside of veterinary circles, the issue induces giggles. In Nevada, which allows medical marijuana, a bill introduced in to authorize veterinary use attracted national media coverage that tended toward comic in tone. The bill died quickly.
Tick Segerblom, a Democrat from Las Vegas who sponsored the legislation. Pet pot was just one piece of an omnibus bill meant to refine multiple aspects of how Nevada managed medical marijuana, Segerblom said, but it drew all the notice and became something of a distraction. He had hoped that pet owners wishing to legitimize veterinary medical marijuana would have a chance to explain their position in a hearing, but the bill never received an airing.
The lawmaker said he plans next year to revisit the issue from a different angle. Problems from accidental exposure are amply documented. As in people, the bodies of dogs and other animals naturally produce cannabinoids. Attempts to determine scientifically whether marijuana has medical benefits in dogs, cats or other pets, and if so, for what conditions and in what amounts and forms, are stymied by conflicting state and federal laws and lingering stigma.
The federal government's classification of marijuana as a controlled substance has had a chilling affect on research. Due to drug-enforcement restrictions, most federal research dollars are allocated to studies on abuse and addiction. Dawn Boothe, a professor of physiology and pharmacology and director of the clinical pharmacology laboratory at Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine, has tried to obtain private funding for research, with as yet no success. Help further the science.
Veterinarians with patients that are being given cannabis products are invited to submit blood samples from the pets, along with samples of the products being administered, for monitoring by the Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine clinical pharmacology laboratory. The project is intended to expand upon preliminary findings by the laboratory that commercial cannabis products have wildly variable concentrations of active ingredient and produce equally variable concentrations in the body.
More importantly, we also want to demonstrate a relationship between cannabinoids and response, whether it be [to] pain, seizures or other clinical signs. The analysis is free, but participants are asked to cover the cost of sending samples. The laboratory is paying for the work from its own operating funds.
Because of federal prohibitions on marijuana, obtaining product for research purposes is difficult, as well. Cannabis products for pets come in myriad forms: Ingredients and concentrations vary, as well. According to Boothe, the cannabis plant has more than 70 different cannabinoids, or biologically active molecules, the most well-known of which is tetrahydrocannabidiol THC , the substance that causes a high.
THC is found principally in the flowers of the plant. Another cannabinoid gaining popular recognition is cannabidiol CBD. The industry, however, lacks uniform standards. That means a product marketed as having CBD, THC, other cannabinoids, or a blend, may or may not actually contain those ingredients.
Food and Drug Administration tests of several commercial products purported to contain cannabinoids highlight the potential for fraud. The agency sent letters in early to six companies, including two that market products to pets, warning that the health claims the companies made suggested that the products were drugs, yet the products had not been approved by the FDA for sale as drugs.
The FDA sent similar letters to eight more companies in early One business that received a warning letter in was Canna Companion LLC, which is owned and operated by a wife-and-husband team of veterinarians in Washington, Drs.
As with any natural medicine, the plant of origin and the methods of manufacture are critical to efficacy and safety. Today however, there are hemp producers growing plants specifically for CBD and using safe methods such as CO2 extraction to produce higher quality medicine. While there are uses for medical cannabis that require THC, CBD based products are highly effective for a wide range of conditions affecting dogs and cats and an equally wide margin of safety.
Some of the most common conditions treated are:. In these cases, an excellent place to start is with products made from high quality hemp. Hemp based CBD products have the advantage of being legal to sell over the counter in all states and are safe as they contain very little THC. Thus, your pet can still benefit from CBD therapy no matter where you live.
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Pot for pets: Could medical marijuana help your dog?
Two years after the launch of its human medical marijuana program, the New suggests animals can benefit from cannabis in the same ways people have chronic illnesses and for whom more traditional medical treatment has not guidelines for licensed veterinarians to discuss with clients the use of. Some use marijuana, but more often it's hemp, which belongs to the same plant Both contain the compound Cannabidiol (CBD), which studies suggest can reduce "There's a couple of people that are in the dude category, all, "I'm Veterinary Medical Association said it "would not advise pet owners. Medical marijuana shows promise for ailing companion animals. of research that seems to be validating cannabis's beneficial effects for people. . Finley had been using cannabis oil herself to treat the effects of a debilitating . animal has an illness that might be helped by marijuana (the illness does not need to be fatal ).