Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions Do you suspect that your feelings and behaviors involve autism?. Researchers propose that someday it may be possible treat autism with brain tissue from 22 children and teens who did not have autism. Autism Spectrum Disorder is a group of complex disorders (Autism, Asperger information about what to do if there's a concern about a child's development.
does autism work? How
Talents can be turned into skills that can be used for future employment. Many autistic children get fixated on one subject such as trains or maps. The best way to deal with fixations is to use them to motivate school work.
If the child likes trains, then use trains to teach reading and math. Read a book about a train and do math problems with trains. For example, calculate how long it takes for a train to go between New York and Washington. Use concrete visual methods to teach number concepts. My parents gave me a math toy which helped me to learn numbers. It consisted of a set of blocks which had a different length and a different color for the numbers one through ten.
With this I learned how to add and subtract. To learn fractions my teacher had a wooden apple that was cut up into four pieces and a wooden pear that was cut in half. From this I learned the concept of quarters and halves. I had the worst handwriting in my class. Many autistic children have problems with motor control in their hands. Neat handwriting is sometimes very hard.
This can totally frustrate the child. To reduce frustration and help the child to enjoy writing, let him type on the computer. Typing is often much easier. Some autistic children will learn reading more easily with phonics, and others will learn best by memorizing whole words.
I learned with phonics. My mother taught me the phonics rules and then had me sound out my words. Children with lots of echolalia will often learn best if flash cards and picture books are used so that the whole words are associated with pictures. It is important to have the picture and the printed word on the same side of the card. When teaching nouns the child must hear you speak the word and view the picture and printed word simultaneously. An example of teaching a verb would be to hold a card that says "jump," and you would jump up and down while saying "jump.
Children with autism need to be protected from sounds that hurt their ears. The sounds that will cause the most problems are school bells, PA systems, buzzers on the score board in the gym, and the sound of chairs scraping on the floor. In many cases the child will be able to tolerate the bell or buzzer if it is muffled slightly by stuffing it with tissues or duct tape. Scraping chairs can be silenced by placing slit tennis balls on the ends of the legs or installing carpet.
A child may fear a certain room because he is afraid he may be suddenly subjected to squealing microphone feedback from the PA system. The fear of a dreaded sound can cause bad behavior. If a child covers his ears, it is an indicator that a certain sound hurts his ears. Sometimes sound sensitivity to a particular sound, such as the fire alarm, can be desensitized by recording the sound on a tape recorder.
This will allow the child to initiate the sound and gradually increase its volume. The child must have control of playback of the sound. Some autistic people are bothered by visual distractions and fluorescent lights. They can see the flicker of the cycle electricity. To avoid this problem, place the child's desk near the window or try to avoid using fluorescent lights. If the lights cannot be avoided, use the newest bulbs you can get. New bulbs flicker less.
The flickering of fluorescent lights can also be reduced by putting a lamp with an old-fashioned incandescent light bulb next to the child's desk. Some hyperactive autistic children who fidget all the time will often be calmer if they are given a padded weighted vest to wear.
Pressure from the garment helps to calm the nervous system. I was greatly calmed by pressure. For best results, the vest should be worn for twenty minutes and then taken off for a few minutes.
This prevents the nervous system from adapting to it. Some individuals with autism will respond better and have improved eye contact and speech if the teacher interacts with them while they are swinging on a swing or rolled up in a mat.
Sensory input from swinging or pressure from the mat sometimes helps to improve speech. Swinging should always be done as a fun game. Some children and adults can sing better than they can speak.
They may respond better if words and sentences are sung to them. Some children with extreme sound sensitivity will respond better if the teacher talks to them in a low whisper.
Some nonverbal children and adults cannot process visual and auditory input at the same time. They cannot see and hear at the same time. They should not be asked to look and listen at the same time. They should be given either a visual task or an auditory task.
Their immature nervous system is not able to process simultaneous visual and auditory input. In older nonverbal children and adults touch is often their most reliable sense. It is often easier for them to feel. Letters can be taught by letting them feel plastic letters. They can learn their daily schedule by feeling objects a few minutes before a scheduled activity. For example, fifteen minutes before lunch give the person a spoon to hold. Let them hold a toy car a few minutes before going in the car.
Some children and adults with autism will learn more easily if the computer key-board is placed close to the screen. This enables the individual to simultaneously see the keyboard and screen. Some individuals have difficulty remembering if they have to look up after they have hit a key on the keyboard. Nonverbal children and adults will find it easier to associate words with pictures if they see the printed word and a picture on a flashcard. Some individuals do not under-stand line drawings, so it is recommended to work with real objects and photos first.
The picture and the word must be on the same side of the card. Some autistic individuals do not know that speech is used for communication. Language learning can be facilitated if language exercises promote communication. If the child asks for a cup, then give him a cup.
If the child asks for a plate, when he wants a cup, give him a plate. The individual needs to learn that when he says words, concrete things happen. It is easier for an individual with autism to learn that their words are wrong if the incorrect word resulted in the incorrect object.
Many individuals with autism have difficulty using a computer mouse. Try a roller ball or tracking ball pointing device that has a separate button for clicking. Autistics with motor control problems in their hands find it very difficult to hold the mouse still during clicking.
This means they may appear insensitive e. Many people with autism prefer to spend time on their own and it may be that they need a space in the workplace where they can go to be alone. Other people in the workplace should also be trained in understanding how autism affects social interaction and communication, so that they can understand that the person with autism is not being intentionally rude or inappropriate.
Having an employee with autism in the workplace can encourage acceptance of difference and make for a more diverse and interesting organisation. Difficulties with social imagination mean that people with autism can find it hard to plan ahead and predict what is going to happen in the future. They also find it difficult to cope with change and many find comfort in sticking to the same routine. This can be useful in a workplace situation when this knowledge is required for their role.
Although employers cannot manage or predict unexpected change, they can ensure that they clearly explain any changes to the individual with autism. People with autism may also be good at reminding others of routine and encouraging others to be consistent in their work. Individuals with autism may be overly sensitive to sensory information such as sight, sound, touch, smell or taste. They may, for example, find that too much noise or bright lights cause them distress or even pain.
In a workplace situation, individuals with autism may require their own dedicated work area where they can avoid being exposed to such stressors. All individuals with autism vary, and the support required will depend on the person, the organisation and their job role.
As well as being aware of the above difficulties that people with autism can face and how best to help them, the following could also help individuals with autism at work:.
Employees with autistic spectrum conditions are likely be protected under the Equality Act This means that employers have a duty to make reasonable adjustments to enable a person with autism to undertake their job role. More information on autism and work for employees and employers can be found on the Fit for Work Advice Hub and you can also call the Fit for Work advice line or for those in Scotland for advice and support on work-related health topics including autism and the workplace.
Autism in the workplace.
What is autism?
Autism is a condition that interferes with a child's ability to communicate and interact socially. Learn about treatments and the probable causes of autism. It knows no racial, ethnic, or social boundaries. Family income, lifestyle, or educational levels do not affect a child's chance of being autistic. Explore information about autism spectrum disorder (ASD), including signs and the person's ability to function properly in school, work, and other areas of life Having facial expressions, movements, and gestures that do not match what is.