Some of the many known health benefits of CBD oil include pain relief, reducing inflammation, Where Was the Hemp Grown and What Might Be In It? Hemp is. The compounds found within cannabis (known as What's more, small servings of CBD can potentially help you feel. From chocolates and gummies to creams and oils, the market is flooded with cannabidiol products that boast health benefits. Do they work?.
in You CBD Do Products? Know What’s How
It also includes language that could help clarify the uncertain legal status of CBD that comes from hemp. But whether that will translate into making CBD, at least from hemp, legal across the country is still unknown, says Collen Keahey Lanier, executive director of the Hemp Industries Association, a nonprofit trade group.
And while the hemp provision appears to have broad support, many Democrats and some Republicans object to other portions of the bill, which could jeopardize its passage. So, is there potential for CBD to treat disease and improve health? Yes, just look at Epidiolex, says Donald Abrams, M. But in many other cases the claims are ahead of the science, Abrams says. Cannabidiol comes from one of two related forms of the cannabis plant: But the chemical structure is the same, regardless of the source, say medical and industry experts, so its effect on the body should be the same, too.
But CBD is often sold and used on its own. Importantly, hemp oil—found in soaps, cosmetics, and other products—is not the same as CBD oil. Hemp oil comes primarily from seeds of the plant, and the seeds contain only very small amounts of CBD, says Lanier at the Hemp Industries Association.
So hemp oil and other products made from the plant, such as rope and fabric, have no or only trace amounts of both CBD and THC. But hemp cultivation in the U. One goal of the new Farm Bill is to loosen those restrictions. And a growing body of preliminary research suggests that CBD has properties that could translate into better health. For example, CBD seems to be an anti-inflammatory, which in theory could help with arthritis and some forms of pain.
And it has many effects on brain chemistry, which could ease anxiety and depression, among others. Some animal studies and early research in humans suggest that CBD may help treat that problem and other forms of substance abuse. And other reports have shown that states with medical marijuana laws have seen drops in the rates of opioid deaths and use, possibly as people turn to cannabis products which include CBD as alternatives.
All of that gets researchers excited, says Ryan Vandrey, Ph. And he worries that excessive enthusiasm may be leading people to expect more from CBD than it can deliver. But it may also be false hope. When he and 15 other experts prepared their report, examining more than 10, studies in the process, they found only three conditions for which the evidence in humans, not lab animals or other forms of preliminary research, was strong: The epilepsy studies were published after the NAS report.
For CBD itself, the evidence is even sparser. Abrams says the NAS report could identify only three small published randomized trials—the gold standard for medical research—that looked at just CBD. And in fact, some restrictions have recently been lifted. That may be particularly concerning for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Still, the research to date has identified few risks. Side effects include tiredness, diarrhea, and changes in appetite and weight. So if you do want to try CBD, talk with your doctor first, especially if you take any prescription drugs or are pregnant or breastfeeding.
And until more evidence comes in, be wary of turning to CBD in lieu of more proven therapies, especially for serious health problems like cancer. Instead they're likely to contain other compounds found in cannabis plants, especially the stem. In addition, look for products that list the amount of CBD per serving, not just per bottle.
Every other state, plus Puerto Rico and Washington, D. For details, see our map. From a federal perspective, things are less straightforward, depending on whether the CBD comes from hemp or marijuana.
If the source is marijuana, the feds clearly consider it illegal. It classifies anything from the plant, including both THC and CBD, as Schedule I substances, meaning that the agency says they have no known medical use and are addictive—just like ecstasy, heroin, and LSD.
Melvin Patterson, spokesman for the U. Instead, the agency may just reclassify Epidiolex, not all CBD. The agency has 90 days to decide. Or possibly if it comes not from the flower but the stem. As in the past, the plant must have THC levels of 0. But even if the law does go into effect, it could take time, and possibly lawsuits, to settle the question.
This is a common source of confusion. Many people see hemp oil on grocery store shelves and assume or wonder if it contains CBD and other cannabinoids.
The hemp oil you might see on grocery store shelves is made by cold pressing hemp seeds. While hemp oil is a healthful option for a salad dressing, it has no medicinal value by itself. Cannabinoids, including CBD in hemp and THC in marijuana, are most highly concentrated in the flower buds, not the seeds.
These chemical components of the plant must be extracted from the flower buds to be useful. For medicinal use, cannabinoids are extracted from hemp and concentrated into a thick oil that, when ingested, elevates blood levels of cannabinoids for a more sustained period of time. CBD oil from hemp contains CBD and other cannabinoids, along with terpenes and other chemical components.
The most common method, chemical extraction uses alcohol or hexane as solvents. The solvent is dried off, leaving the dense oil — and possibly harmful residual solvents — behind. A newer method, CO 2 extraction is done without using chemical solvents. Instead, it uses carbon dioxide to extract the full range of chemical components from the flower buds and then distill them into dense CBD oil.
Also sometimes called thermal extraction, vapor distillation uses hot air to safely vaporize the full spectrum of chemical components at high concentration from the buds, and then the vapor is distilled into CBD oil.
This method also activates the cannabinoids by removing an extra carboxyl ring from their molecular chain a chemical reaction called decarboxylation , enabling them to interact directly with CB receptors for maximal medicinal value. I believe vapor distillation is the best method for obtaining the full range of activated chemical compounds from the cannabis plant.
This method preserves the terpenes, which are beneficial on their own, and also enhance the properties of CBD via the entourage effect. The upsides of lipid-based extraction are that the fat helps make the CBD more bioavailable easy to absorb , and there are no harsh solvents used. Condensed CBD oil can be taken as a thick paste, but this is the least pleasant option.
More commonly, the CBD oil is mixed with a carrier oil, such as hemp oil or coconut oil, to a specific concentration of CBD. The distinctive taste — which comes from the terpenes and not the cannabinoids — is often masked with chocolate, mint, or other flavorings.
It typically comes in a small bottle with a dropper to administer the oil mixture. The best way to take CBD oil mixed with a carrier oil to a specific concentration is to place a few drops or dropperfuls under your tongue for 15 seconds to access the sublingual gland. There, the CBD is absorbed directly into the bloodstream called sublingual consumption or administration for the fastest acting effects.
Another method is to take a few drops or dropperfuls orally, swish the liquid around in your mouth, and then swallow it. CBD oil mixed with a carrier oil can also be taken as soft-gel capsules to avoid any taste, but absorption is only through the intestinal tract.
The average dose range is mg of CBD, one to three times per day, though much higher doses of mg sometimes required to control pain are equally well tolerated. Some people will notice benefit at the lower end of the dose range, but most people will need mg to notice any effects. Because different products provide different concentrations of CBD, the packaging usually states how much CBD is in the entire bottle as opposed to the amount in a certain number of drops or dropperfuls, so measuring can be a little tricky.
A dropperful of the medium grade product mg of CBD per fluid ounce will deliver about 15 mg of CBD — a good starting dose. And a dropperful of a high concentration product mg CBD per fluid ounce will provide about 50 mg of CBD per dropperful. CBD oil is also available as soft gel capsules. With these, the mg quantity of CBD should be designated per capsule.
Because some of the chemical compounds in capsules are lost during digestion, you may find you need to take a little more to experience the benefits. As with any medicinal herb, start at a low dose and gradually build up to a higher dose as you get used to the effects of the substance.
Most people notice benefits almost immediately, but some experts suggest that full benefit does not occur until after a couple of weeks of consecutive use. CBD isolate which is CBD alone acts very differently in the body than a spectrum of hemp chemical components. Here are some quick definitions:. The cannabis plant naturally generates cannabinoids, terpenes, and other chemical compounds to serve different functions in the plant.
These functions include regulatory properties, potent antioxidants, and protection from microbes and insects. Any creature that consumes the chemicals from the plant gains these same benefits. When you consume CBD oil, you gain the benefits of all those chemical substances in natural synergy. For that reason, you get full benefit at a dose range of mg. CBD isolate is limited to that single chemical messenger. The synergy provided by the full spectrum of chemicals in CBD oil is lost.
This is likely why clinical studies using purified CBD require very high doses, in the range of mg of CBD several times daily, to see a benefit. When CBD is formally legalized at the national level, prescription drugs providing high doses of purified CBD will become available several are already in the pipeline.
Reported side effects of hemp oil with CBD are generally mild and uncommon and can include tiredness, loose stools, and mild changes in appetite and weight either increased or decreased.
Both hemp oil with CBD hemp flower-bud extracts and purified CBD CBD isolate have been shown in both animal and human clinical trials to be remarkably safe and well tolerated. Prolonged use is not associated with an increased risk of side effects. In research studies , up to mg of purified CBD per day has been used to address various medical illnesses without reported harmful effects including changes in heart rate, blood pressure, temperature, oxygen and carbon dioxide levels, electrolyte balance, gastrointestinal function, psychomotor functions, or sleep cycles.
Prolonged use at high doses has not shown potential for abuse of CBD. In fact, a clinical study published in found that recreational polydrug users did not show abuse potential with use of CBD. Long-term studies have not evaluated potential changes in hormonal balance or long-term adverse changes in liver function, though prolonged use of CBD enhances metabolism of certain drugs. Stopping CBD oil suddenly has not been associated with withdrawal effects.
While the cost of CBD oil products is presently high, it will likely come down dramatically after CBD and hemp are legal by federal standards — but prices will still vary widely. Reputable companies selling CBD oil products will state the CBD concentration and extraction methods on the bottle or website. Typically, the concentration is stated as milligrams mg of CBD per fluid ounce though some products standardize mg of CBD to milliliters ml.
The benefit comes from the amount of CBD consumed, not the amount of oil. To calculate the cost per milligram of CBD, simply divide the dollar amount of the product by the total milligrams of CBD in the bottle. As for extraction methods, remember that vapor distillation and CO2 extraction are preferred. Lipid-based extractions will likely fall in the middle price-wise.
The highest quality cannabis is grown indoors , so quality standards can be controlled. Use of clean water and organic methods of farming that are free of pesticide use and unnatural fertilizers are, of course, preferred.
With outdoor-farmed cannabis, quality standards and potency are not as easily controlled. Taste can be a sign of value, too. Poor quality oils will have a very unpleasant chemical taste, and they can cause significant burning to mouth tissues. A good quality product should be smooth and not cause significant burning. Interestingly, the best quality products are associated with a distinct cannabis taste, indicating that the full spectrum of chemical components with trace levels of THC are present.
Even in high doses, CBD oil will not cause euphoria or impair coordination, balance, or motor functions. Use of CBD oil is associated with improved sense of well-being, but not an exaggerated feeling of well-being.
Use of CBD oil has never been associated with hallucinations or abnormal mental activity. Creams and salves for musculoskeletal discomfort generally contain very small amounts of CBD that are absorbed through the skin. Many of these products do provide significant benefit, however, but the benefit is likely derived from other aspects of CBD — especially terpenes from cannabis and essential oils, thanks to their anti-inflammatory properties. Though CBD will likely become a highly promoted ingredient in beauty products, it is unclear whether the concentration of CBD present in these products will provide a benefit.
There is near zero potential of becoming habituated to hemp CBD products. It should be noted that recreational use of marijuana high THC, low CBD cannabis does result in dependence but different from narcotics or alcohol, and not as debilitating. Chronic use of THC may be associated with atrophy in certain areas of the brain and reduction of certain cognitive functions at this point, studies are not conclusive.
Interestingly, studies have shown that taking CBD oil regularly can restore areas of the brain that have become atrophied in marijuana abusers.
There have been no reports of anyone overdosing on cannabis. This sets even recreational use of cannabis widely apart from narcotics and alcohol, both of which can cause severe respiratory depression and death at excessive doses. Excessive doses of hemp, and more especially, marijuana, may make you very agitated and feel terrible, but there are no known deaths from cannabis overdose. Many food and beverage companies are already taking advantage of the growing CBD trend and adding CBD to food and beverage products, though the practice is not approved by the FDA.
Using CBD in defined doses for medicinal purposes is one thing, but putting it in food and beverages is something entirely different. Someone may wind up getting CBD from multiple products, and so their daily dose could vary significantly. Taking a standardized dose of CBD oil daily as a recognized medicinal is a very different thing from taking uncontrolled doses of CBD isolate daily infused artificially into food and beverage products, and the long term risk may be very different — no one really knows for sure.
Like most herbs, cannabis does have some antimicrobial and immune-boosting properties, but it is not as strong an antimicrobial as many other herbs. There are many better herbal choices for overcoming chronic Lyme disease and similar conditions related to chronic infections with stealth microbes such as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. The bottom line is, CBD oil is a good option for controlling symptoms associated with Lyme disease, fibromyalgia, and other chronic illnesses, but it should be combined with other antimicrobial and immunomodulating herbs for optimal benefit.
CBD oil is best used intermittently to treat symptoms of pain or anxiety, or used chronically only until symptoms gradually resolve, and then discontinued. The story around CBD will continue to change and evolve once hemp is legalized and as the industry continues to grow and advance.
Rawls is a physician who overcame Lyme disease through natural herbal therapy. You can learn more about Lyme disease in Dr. You can also learn about Dr. Bill Rawls practiced conventional medicine for 15 years. However, when Lyme disease and fibromyalgia disrupted his career at age 45, he was forced into the world of herbal and alternative medicine. He has since restored his health—and has a passion to help others do the same. Everything You Need to Know. Why did humans start using cannabis?
How are hemp and marijuana different? What are terpenes, and why are they important? What are the benefits of taking CBD? What are the potential side effects of CBD oil? How much does hemp oil with CBD cost?
The Science Behind CBD Oil: Everything You Need to Know
CBD oil is legal in 30 states where medicinal and/or recreational marijuana " There's no control, so it's basically how do you know if we're dealing to test it so that I knew what it actually had in it, because I couldn't trust what. Better known as CBD, it is one of the chemical compounds known What's more, medications like benzodiazepines can be addictive and. CBD oil comes from the cannabis plant, and devotees swear by its health benefits. Here's what you should know before you try.