Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid discovered in It is one of some identified Chemistry[show]. Cannabinoid .. Australia. Prescription. GW brought a scientific understanding and pharmaceutical grade as a treatment for MS-related spasticity in Canada, Australia, and much of The Guardian is editorially independent, meaning we set our own agenda. The scientific literature has identified more than 65 molecular targets of CBD. . Australian scientists report that CBD acts as a “positive allosteric modulator” of.
australian science cbd definition
In early May, a federal court declined to protect cannabidiol CBD , a chemical produced by the cannabis plant, from federal law enforcement, despite widespread belief in its medical value.
The ruling was contrary to existing evidence, which suggests the chemical is safe and could have multiple important uses as medicine.
Many cannabis advocates consider it a miracle medicine , capable of relieving conditions as disparate as depression, arthritis and diabetes. The perception of its widespread medical benefits have made the chemical a rallying cry for legalization advocates.
The primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol THC. But THC is only one of the scores of chemicals — known as cannabinoids — produced by the cannabis plant. So far, CBD is the most promising compound from both a marketing and a medical perspective.
While studies have shown CBD to have anti-inflammatory, anti-pain and anti-psychotic properties , it has seen only minimal testing in human clinical trials, where scientists determine what a drug does, how much patients should take, its side effects and so on. Despite the government ruling, CBD is widely available over the counter in dispensaries in states where marijuana is legal. The piece, reported by Dr Sanjay Gupta, featured a little girl in Colorado named Charlotte, who had a rare life-threatening form of epilepsy called Dravet syndrome.
At age five, Charlotte suffered grand mal seizures a week, and was constantly on the brink of a medical emergency. It was controversial to pursue medical marijuana for such a young patient, but when they gave Charlotte oil extracted from high-CBD cannabis, her seizures stopped almost completely. Smoking cannabis is not recommended by health authorities, as the smoked form contains at least 50 of the same carcinogens as tobacco. Secondly, the majority of medicines used in Australia are produced under strict conditions: It is important that doctors know that medicines have been tested and that each dose is the same.
It is understood that smoked cannabis will not be prescribed in Australia because smoked plant products will not satisfy governmental requirements that enable it to be classed as a therapeutic good. There is a considerable need for medicines and therapies that can help and alleviate the painful symptoms of a number of illnesses and diseases.
An increasing number of studies suggest that medicinal cannabis in the form of oral extracts, sprays or pills can reduce these symptoms and aid in the treatment of some illnesses. However, as with many other drugs, medicinal cannabis can also cause unwanted side effects, such as difficulty with concentration, dizziness, drowsiness, loss of balance, and problems with thinking and memory.
The scheme provides for the import and supply of an unapproved therapeutic good to individual patients on a case-by-case basis. Legislation to allow for the cultivation of cannabis in Australia for medical or scientific purposes has been passed by the federal government. This involved an amendment to the Narcotics Drugs Act and will allow for cultivation through a national licensing scheme.
The Narcotic Drug Amendment Bill provides a legislative framework that will permit cannabis cultivation in Australia for medicinal and related research purposes. The legislation also ensures that when the cultivation, production and manufacture of cannabis begin, Australia will remain compliant with its international obligations. The Commonwealth will control all regulatory aspects of the cultivation of cannabis for medicinal purposes through one national scheme.
Manufacture will be a joint responsibility between the Commonwealth and the states and territories. Access to any cannabis products manufactured under the scheme will also be a joint responsibility, with supply being controlled by provisions under the Therapeutic Goods Act working in tandem with state and territory drugs and poisons legislation. The Office of Medicinal Cannabis has been established within the Department of Health and Human Services and is responsible for establishing the Victorian medicinal cannabis framework.
The office will work closely with the medical profession as well as patients and families as the scheme is implemented. Read more about the Victorian situation. The NSW Government has established the Centre for Medicinal Cannabis Research and Innovation to further the understanding of cannabis and cannabis products for therapeutic purposes, and support evidence-based innovation.
The Centre will draw on local and international researchers to advance the formal understanding of medicinal cannabis, monitor the NSW-funded clinical trials, educate the community and help stakeholders navigate regulatory processes. Read more about the NSW situation. Queensland is making the use of approved medicinal cannabis products possible as a treatment for certain conditions when the patient has already tried the conventional treatments available for their condition or symptoms, and these have failed or cause intolerable side-effects.
Read more about the QLD situation. Since November , medical practitioners in South Australia can legally prescribe medicinal cannabis products with Commonwealth and relevant state approvals. Read more about the SA situation. From 1 November it will be legal for a doctor to prescribe, and a pharmacist to dispense, medicinal cannabis in Western Australia.
Despite this change in legislation, supplies of medicinal cannabis are not expected to be available until early at the earliest. Read more about the situation in Western Australia. Read more about the situation in Tasmania. In order to prescribe cannabis as a controlled medicine, doctors should obtain authority from the ACT Chief Health Officer CHO under the same process which currently applies for other controlled medicines such as opiates and amphetamines. Read more about the situation in ACT.
Read more about the situation in the Northern Territory. What is medicinal cannabis? Sativex, which comes as a nasal or oral spray, has been approved in over 24 countries for treating spasticity due to multiple sclerosis. Controlled and standardised herbal cannabis plant products , such as the products produced in the Netherlands.
Looking for online definition of CBD or what CBD stands for? CBD, Centre de Biologie du Développement (French: Center for Developmental Biology; Toulouse, Australia: Live Darwin Arts Program set to excite again with Round 2!. Search drug name, slang or effect. CBD is also thought to reduce some of the other negative effects that people can Legislation to allow for the cultivation of cannabis in Australia for medical or scientific purposes has been. In the event you didn't already know, there are two sources for CBD oil and. Medical Marijuana Australia. Search. As far as definition is concerned the two are not so far off from one another. “Medical Marijuana aka 'Cannabis' (the scientific plant name) refers to the use of the cannabis plant, either in whole plant form.