Bipolar disorders are one of several medical conditions called depressive One year-old reader who was diagnosed with bipolar disorder at 14 wrote to us. Some children and teens with these symptoms may have bipolar disorder, a serious mental illness. This brochure will give you more information. Information for young people about bipolar affective disorder, and some practical How common is bipolar disorder? . Case study: Christina's story, aged
Disorder 16. Bipolar
They occur nearly every day for at least two weeks and can include: These occur most of the day, nearly every day for at least one week. Although a person may be very productive and accomplish many tasks when experiencing Hypomania, he or she also may become involved in risky behaviour or activities that result in painful consequences. This is especially true if the person is being successfully treated for the illness.
Remember, you cannot diagnose someone with Bipolar Disorder without a proper mental health assessment conducted by a properly trained health provider. Although the core feature of Mania is an extreme sense of euphoria, it is actually quite different from just feeling really happy. The emotion is extreme and intense, often uncomfortably so. Irritability is often mixed with the euphoria and this mood state develops in its own accord, not as a response to a positive event.
Someone in a manic episode is likely to act unrealistically, like he or she is out of touch with reality. To someone experiencing Mania, impossible tasks will seem entirely feasible. Self-esteem will be so high that the person appears arrogant or conceited. He or she will be constantly moving, talking, and changing direction both physically and in conversation.
Most concerning, someone experiencing Mania will take dangerous and unnecessary risks without any awareness of the potential consequences. In a manic episode, the person could bet his or her entire life savings on black, take his or her toddler hang-gliding, max out his or her credit card at a luxury store, or have unprotected sex with a stranger.
Mania is very different from feeling really happy. The exact relationship between deliberate self-injury, such as cutting, and Bipolar Disorder is not well understood. Most people with Bipolar Disorder do not self-injure and many people who self-injure do not have Bipolar Disorder. Self-injury happens for many reasons, including to numb emotional pain.
For some people, the act of cutting releases a chemical that can temporarily help them to feel better. However, over time, just like an addiction, the person often has to inflict more and more pain to produce the same effect.
Although self-injury happens more often in girls than in boys, it is seen in both genders. Encourage the person to seek help or take him or her to a trained health professional yourself, if appropriate.
Ask the person a few questions to get a better sense of what is going on:. Therapy may be done individually just the individual and the therapist or in groups a group of people with Bipolar Disorder and Effective types of psychotherapy that are commonly recommended by health care providers include:.
The usual course of treatment for someone with Bipolar Disorder is a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Although psychotherapy is not usually needed long-term, there is a good chance that the teenager will always need to be on medication to level his or her moods. Remember that treatment is different for everyone, so often trials of various combinations of medication and therapy will be used until the right combination is found. This may also change over time if new symptoms develop or if symptoms are not responding as well as expected.
Sometimes, during a manic or depressive episode, a person with Bipolar Disorder will need to be hospitalized until their condition improves. Remember, all treatments have the same goals: Think about it this way: Get well; Stay well; Be well. Other common co-occurring disorders with Bipolar Disorder also called comorbid disorders include:. If you suspect that your child or friend is thinking about suicide, ask him or her about it and let him or her know you are concerned.
Asking about suicide will not put the idea in his or her head. Suicidal thoughts must be taken seriously and should never be ignored.
Take your teenager or friend to the hospital immediately or call Suicide risk is serious and there are professionals who can help. Click here to find out more information on youth suicide. If a close relative has bipolar disorder, a person's risk of developing the condition is higher. This doesn't mean, though, that if you have a relative with bipolar disorder you will automatically develop it!
Even in studies involving identical twins raised in the same home, one twin sometimes had bipolar disorder whereas the other did not. Researchers are now working on identifying the gene or genes involved in bipolar disorder. Environmental factors may play a role in bipolar disorder.
For some teens, stresses such as a death in the family, their parents' divorce , or other traumatic events could trigger a first episode of mania or depression. Sometimes, going through the changes of puberty can set off an episode. In girls, symptoms can be tied to their monthly menstrual cycle. Most people with bipolar disorder can be helped — but a psychiatrist or psychologist must first diagnose the disorder. Sadly, many people with the condition are never diagnosed or are not diagnosed properly.
Without proper diagnosis and treatment, the disorder can become worse. Some teens with undiagnosed bipolar disorder can end up in a psychiatric hospital or residential treatment center, in the juvenile justice system, abusing drugs, or committing suicide. Because children and teens with bipolar disorder do not usually show the same patterns of behavior as adults who have the condition, a mental health professional will observe a teen's behavior carefully before making a diagnosis.
This includes getting a complete history of the person's past and present experiences. Family members and friends can also provide helpful insights into the person's behavior. The doctor may also want a teen to have a medical exam to rule out other conditions.
Diagnosing bipolar disorder can be difficult. As yet, there aren't any laboratory tests like a brain scan or blood test that will diagnose it.
In teens, bipolar disorder can sometimes be mistaken for illnesses like schizophrenia and posttraumatic stress disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD , and other depressive disorders.
That's why a complete, detailed history is so important. Although there's no cure for bipolar disorder, treatment can help stabilize moods and help the person manage and control symptoms. Like other teens with long-lasting medical conditions such as asthma , diabetes , or epilepsy , teens with bipolar disorder need to work closely with their doctors and other medical professionals to treat it. This team of medical professionals, together with the teen and family, develop what is called a treatment plan.
Teens with bipolar disorder will probably receive medication, such as a mood stabilizer, from a psychiatrist or other medical doctor. A psychologist or other type of counselor will provide counseling or psychotherapy for the teen and his or her family. Showing of 36 references. The effects of early-onset bipolar spectrum disorders on past and current school and peer functioning. Fristad , Dingus , October. Treatment guidelines for children and adolescents with bipolar disorder.
Robert Kowatch , Mary. Multifamily psychoeducation groups MFPG for families of children with bipolar disorder. Web survey of sleep problems associated with early-onset bipolar spectrum disorders. Nicholas Lofthouse , Mary. A pharmacotherapy algorithm for stabilization and maintenance of pediatric bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder: Identifying and supporting patients in primary care
Bipolar disorder can be challenging to diagnose and manage. .. lithium”) Other medicines used in the management of patients with bipolar disorder include. Learn more about the different types of bipolar disorder. about monitoring their mood cycles and symptoms, and for encouraging treatment compliance This factsheet explains the symptoms of bipolar disorder, treatments and Bipolar disorder is treated with medication or talking therapies. . the condition.