Mazar-i-Sharif Tourism: TripAdvisor has 87 reviews of Mazar-i-Sharif Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants Low airfares recently found by TripAdvisor travelers. However, due to many homeless sleeping in the surrounding park, it is A fortress 30 minutes from Mazar-e Sharif that became infamous. Information about Mazar-I-Sharif Airport. Find their address, contact details, popular routes, flights, and nearby airports at Skyscanner.
Sharif Nearby Mazar I Find
The Arab geographers Yaqubi and Moqaddasi 9th and 10th centuries depict Balkh as it was under Samanid rule, whe Bukhara was the center of power. A large and prosperous city of mud brick some three square miles in area, it held perhaps , persons. It was surrounded by mud-brick walls pierced by seven gates. A splendid Friday Mosque occupied the center, and many more mosques were scattered among the dwellings.
The fire temple in the suburbs, which Xuanzang had admired when it was a Buddhist monastery, was still noteworthy. The city was home, not only to Persians and Turks but also to communities of Jews and Indian traders.
It nourished poets and scholars, lawyers and even geographers and astronomers. But peace was a sometime thing; even when Balkh came under Seljuk rule for over a century, the nomads were never far away. Catastrophe struck in , when Ghengis Khan chose to make an example of Balkh, perhaps as punishment for an uprising. One hundred thousand Mongol horsemen embarked on an orgy of slaughter and destruction that left nothing standing; a few weeks later they returned to pick off the survivors of the carnage.
Balkh remained in ruins for a century, and ws so described by Marco Polo and by Ibn Batuta ; and yet revival must have been under way, for Timur Tamerlane chose Balkh to proclaim his accession to the throne Timur and his successors favored Balkh; they restored the walls and endowed the city with quite splendid buildings, some of which survive.
Balkh remained worth fighting over, by Uzbeks, Safavids, Mughals and eventually the rising power of Afghanistan under the Durrani Shahs. But the city slowly declined as its surroundings grew swampy and malarial, and cholera struck again and again. By the beginning of the 20th century the population was down to households, and the administrative center of Afghan Turkestan had migrated to nearby Mazar-e-Sharif. A new chapter had begun, the one that we are still living in. Of all this eventful history, little enough remains on the ground see the images.
One arrives in the center of an agricultural market town, neatly planted with trees and grass, that show off two Timurid edifices. The shrine consists of a tall octagonal brick chamber surmounted by a fluted dome; entry is through a high portal flanked by a pair of spiral columns.
The entire exterior is clad in brilliant blue tile mosaic, much of which has been slowly peeling off the walls. The interior is cool and austere, decorated with stucco honeycomb and painted floral designs. Across the park stands a tall gateway with some decorative tilework; this is all that remains of a madrassah built in the 17th century in Timurid style. The earlier monuments take some searching. A small brick mosque, decorated with carved stucco survives from early Islamic times, but we failed to find it.
What we had come to see is the walls, battered and weather-beaten but still sixty feet high in places, that enclose the Bala Hissar, the High Fort. They enclose a roughly circular field almost a mile across, that probably corresponds to the central city of medieval Balkh. Now there is only dry scrub and low mounds of debris; here and there potsherds and broken bricks seem to call for attention.
There is nothing much to see; but I have never forgotten what it felt like, up there on those worn stumps of wall, gazing out over nothingness. There is nothing ancient or traditional about Mazar, which only rose to prominence in the 19th century. Uzbeks, Tadjiks, Hazara and Pashtuns meet and chaffer in the seat of power, which is also a center for trade in Karakol lambskins and carpets.
More recently, Mazar has all too often been in the News, and has seen much fighting during the long years of conflict between Russians and Mujaheddin, Taliban and the Northern Alliance, and lately Americans too. But the great shrine of the Sharif Ali, which lent the city its name, has survived the turmoil see images.
But his reign was marred by discord; the Caliph was assassinated in C. Five hundred years later, thanks to dreams and visions, the grave came to light and a shrine was built over it. Rental companies may charge extra for drivers under 25, normally payable when you pick up your car.
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Airports find in Afghanistan
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