There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Both types of diabetes are chronic diseases that affect the way your body regulates. There are three major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. All types of diabetes mellitus have. Discover the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes plus more rare types of diabetes. All six types of diabetes cause blood glucose levels to be high, but.
and Diabetes Type 2 Type 1 Diabetes
Insulin is a hormone that controls the amount of glucose sugar in the blood. Diabetes leads to high blood sugar levels, which can damage organs, blood vessels and nerves.
The body needs insulin to use sugar as an energy source. The pancreas is an organ that sits behind the stomach and releases hormones into the digestive system. In the healthy body, when blood sugar levels get too high, special cells in the pancreas called beta cells release insulin.
Insulin is a hormone and it causes cells to take in sugar to use as energy or to store as fat. This causes blood sugar levels to go back down. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and kills the beta cells of the pancreas.
No, or very little, insulin is released into the body. As a result, sugar builds up in the blood instead of being used as energy. About 10 per cent of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes generally develops in childhood or adolescence, but can develop in adulthood. Type 1 diabetes is always treated with insulin.
Meal planning also helps with keeping blood sugar at the right levels. Type 1 diabetes also includes latent autoimmune diabetes in adults LADA , the term used to describe the small number of people with apparent type 2 diabetes who appear to have immune-mediated loss of pancreatic beta cells.
About 90 per cent of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes more often develops in adults, but children can be affected. A third type of diabetes, gestational diabetes, is a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy. In some cases, when the type of diabetes is in doubt, your health team may need to carry out specialised tests to work out which type of diabetes you have. This way, they can recommend the most appropriate treatment for your diabetes.
Despite the uncertainty that often surrounds a diagnosis of diabetes , there are a few common characteristics of each diabetes type. Please note that these differences are based on generalisations - exceptions are common.
For instance, the perception of type 1 diabetes isn't strictly true: This table should be seen as a rough guide to the differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, rather than hard and fast rules. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease , which means it results from the immune system mistakenly attacking parts of the body. In the case of type 1 diabetes, the immune system incorrectly targets insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Nobody knows why this occurs, or how to stop it. The immune systems of people with type 1 diabetes continue to attack beta cells until the pancreas is incapable of producing insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes need to inject themselves with insulin to compensate for the death of their beta cells. Everyone with type 1 diabetes is insulin-dependent. Type 2 diabetes is different. The autoimmune systems of people with type 2 diabetes don't attack beta cells. Instead, type 2 diabetes is characterised by the body losing its ability to respond to insulin.
This is known as insulin resistance. The body compensates for the ineffectiveness of its insulin by producing more, but it can't always produce enough. Over time, the strain placed on the beta cells by this level of insulin production can destroy them, diminishing insulin production. People with type 2 diabetes may need to take insulin injections , usually for one of two main reasons:.
Prediabetes Gestational Type 1. Weight loss Diet and exercise can help to reverse prediabetes. Prediabetes Cookbook Over 50 lower-carb breakfast, lunch and dinner ideas for the whole family. Prediabetes Forum Ask questions and find support from other people with prediabetes. Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 diabetes symptoms Newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes Type 1 diabetes in children Causes of type 1 diabetes Controlling type 1 diabetes Treating type 1 diabetes Diet for type 1 diabetes Carbohydrate counting Low carb diet Hypoglycemia Ketoacidosis.
How to test your blood glucose Video guide on testing your blood glucose with a blood glucose meter. How to inject insulin Watch our video guide on how to inject insulin.
What is a hypo? What hypoglycemia is and how to recognise hypoglycemia symptoms. Talk to others with T1D Ask questions and find support from other people with type 1 diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes symptoms Newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes Causes of type 2 diabetes Controlling type 2 diabetes Treating type 2 diabetes Diet for type 2 diabetes Low carb lifestyle Physical activity Weight loss Reversing type 2 diabetes.
Talk to others with T2D Ask questions and find support from other people with type 2 diabetes. Blood glucose testing Self monitoring can reduce HbA1c in people with type 2. Low Carb Program Join thousands of people taking control of their blood glucose.
Can I eat fruit? Nutrition Food groups Vitamins and minerals Difference between simple and complex carbs Sugar vs fat Supplements Sweeteners. Download the Recipe Cookbook Download the free page, recipe cookbook! Diabetes Recipe App Get all of the recipes ever published on your phone or tablet.
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Night time hypos Avoiding diabetic complications Bringing down high blood glucose levels How to treat a hypo. Blood glucose ranges Download a free chart of the IDF recommended blood glucose ranges.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are chronic conditions that can have serious health consequences if not managed properly. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes share the problem of high levels of blood sugar. The inability to control blood sugar causes the symptoms and the. There are fundamental differences between diabetes type 1 and type 2, including when they might occur, their causes, and how they affect.