Before You Buy CBD Oil, You MUST Know These 7 CBD Facts! “CBD (Cannabidiol) may be the greatest healing molecule on the planet right now.”. Cannabidiol (CBD) is one some chemical compounds found in cannabis plants (Cannabis is the family name that includes: industrial hemp. Every day, James Sol Radina and thousands of other voices read, write, and share important stories on Medium. CBD Buyer's Guide: 7 Things You Must Know. How to use CBD to get all the benefits of weed without actually smoking and one of the guys in attendance – my friend James Sol Radina Instead, it's all about the science and the practical ways to use CBD, -Why you would want to use CBD by itself, without any THC Also published on Medium.
Things – James Buyer’s Guide: 7 Radina – CBD Must Know Medium Sol You
Singh is responsible for leading all research, product development, and product testing. Perhaps most importantly, Dr. An expert in the biotechnology and product development, Dr. Singh has spent almost 30 years successfully developing and launching products for diagnostics, vaccines, nutraceuticals and nanomedicines. Singh has worked to develop over different nanomedicines for use as pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals and agrochemicals. Do you have questions, comments or feedback about CBD or cannabidiol?
Leave your thoughts below and either James, Dr. Mewa or myself will reply. Also published on Medium. Ask Ben a Podcast Question. You definitely want to check out this podcast for that: I have chronic shoulder pain related to calcific tendonitis and a bit of arthritis too, I am a very healthy 62 yr. I am concerned about the Ashwagandha contained in the NatureCBD as someone on your site here said they believe it affected them negatively, i.
Can Ashwagandha cause these side effects or was that person possibly reacting to another element? I want to take NatureCBD with confidence but that comment made me nervous. Because it is an herb it will affect everyone differently but it is actually an herb that tends to be extremely beneficial and well tolerated by just about everyone.
Some people who have adrenal issues or a hormonal imbalance go through some balancing issues when first beginning to use it. In many cases, this goes away after a few days of regular use. One thing you could do is you could just take Ashwaganda all by itself from a different herbs source and see whether it causes the same issues and then you would have your answer… Keep me posted…. That's simply not true Giovanni.
Unless they are testing for CBD which isn't illegal this product will not cause a positive blood test. I want the oil or vapor to help my anxiety that i take zabex for an im on norco i want the real oil. I jave put muself throigh a drug test to make sure and sent the sample to a lab for micro measures …and that is not correct. Both came up negative for THC. Yep — here is where you can get it: Hi Ben, I just ordered your product and am looking forward to trying it. I was wondering if your lab in San Diego which tests and breaks down the cannabinoid quantities and percentages, also tests for pesticides, potential toxic elements, etc.
CBD oil varies dramatically in quality and absorption and that's why I created my own — to ensure it was the highest quality. So I can't speak for another company without knowing their sourcing and manufacturing and behind the scenes unfortunately!
I have had a few siezures and i was managing it with ketosis and just smoking weed, but i fell of the ketosis band wagon for a bit and had another seizure which ended with me in the hospital pumped full of Dilantin. Now i want off of this evil stuff and i need to convince my doctors that CBD is not evil and not an just another way for me to get high.
I also need to be THC clean as i plan on going to South Korea to teach english for a year or so using the stuff around here in BC is not a workable option as they take their extracts from marijuana plants not hemp.
So i was wondering if you or James, Dr. Mewa, have articles or looked into the effects of CBD and seizures. Most of the stuff i find on the all might google is very small trials and abstracts. Anyway Thanks for your time and love the blog and podcast. Hey Ryan the best place to find research on CBD and medical conditions is here: I have always wondered what exactly ARE the cons smoking Marijuana.
Living in a state where Marijuana is still pseudo legal- pseudo illegal, THC choices are essentially limited to traditional smoking. I was a cigarette smoker for a few years and was able to put it down through the process of becoming an athlete. Does Marijuana smoke have negative effects on the lungs? I would always prefer ingesting THC via edibles or pills, but until legality, is it best to put down the pipe or keep on chuggin along?
Go for edibles or vaping or tinctures. Wonderful info your putting out Ben. Wonderful family also, reminds me of mine which lasted well for many years.
And one of my relatives wound up diagnosed with schizophrenia eventually. Oddly enough this followed heavy, high THC pakalolo use here on Hawaii isle. Lots of evidence CBD is palliative or even curative of psychotic illnesses, but no standardization of application or targeted CBD products in use yet.
Current products could potentially be effective, but which, how much? Anything anyone can tell me here without feeling you're sticking your neck out, or in an email to me will be very appreciated!
I am about to try it with my son. Limited money has kept me from buying either for quite some time, but I am about to try the BioCBD with my son, and if you are interested, I will be more than happy to share with you what comes of it. There is an incorrect statement about charlotte's web being "marijuana based" in the podcast, it is a hemp product. I should ask in all your years of working with athletes what you have seen work for tendinitis, muscles sprains and stains? Are your followers using this more for the mental peace and clarity?
And not so much on the inflammation issues? Curcumin is a very potent antinflammatory and so, of course, is CBD. So the cool thing is both. I wanted a custom formulation that would work for both recovery and sleep in athletes, but at lower doses could be used for pure focus, like a smart drug.
If so, what was the dosage and for what length of time. I am a 50 year old female, taking mg 2 times a day and doing a lot of massage and limiting use…it has not helped. Also using a lot of transdermal magnesium and oral B6, B12, Vitamin D, which are all supposed to help relax muscles. Thanks so much for your time. CBD is indeed anti inflammatory but I can't say that I have talked to folks specifically using it for what you've talked about here.
However, it is definitely worth a try, and if it were me, I would spread it out by taking 1 capsule at multiple points throughout the day, with no more than 5 over the course of 24 hours. Also make sure you workplace ergonomics, keyboard, etc. Thank you so much for your reply. I also realized that in my first post I said I was taking mg twice of day…and forgot to post that is Ibuprofen.
Anyway, I see what you posted for consideration of taking up to five capsules a day of CBD spread out over the day. And as for the ergonomics, I am trying a new mouse. The trouble did not start with repetitive use of keyboard or anything like that.
Back in February I thought I would do some bicep work by lifting a very light 2 lb weight to the point of exhaustion on one side and then the other arm…all while I did my regular treadmill walking. So with my arm at my side I would twist the the wrist and forearm and bring the weight up towards the bicep. I'd get off the ibuprofen ASAP. I couldn't agree more! I would never think of taking the Ibuprofen for athletic soreness purposes. Never crossed my mind. Taking the Ibuprofen started a few years ago for back pain at L5S1.
Along with that I have to take 50 to mg of Tramadol a day, but without the Ibuprofen, I would have to take more Tramadol. Not a good scenario, I know. Only when these tendons got damaged did I up the mg Ibuprofen from once to twice a day…but maybe I will just back off to the one. I don't want a leaky gut! Have you tried taking any of the oils sublingually?
I suspect that would improve absorption with or without hybrid nanotechnology. I find it extremely hard to lay down for a nap and shut my brain off after being up all night. I've tried passion fruit oil are you only supposed to smell it? Similarly, negligible production allocated for other uses and receive little protection from dis- takes place in public parks, although there are a few food posal. There are also allotments on times when small parcels of land were given as compensa- privately owned land, and these have equivalent legal tion to peasants who, owing to the greedy acquisition of standing to temporary allotments.
Generally, produce the rural poor into cities Garnett a. Allotment produc- from an allotment plot cannot be sold unless the profit is tion was revitalized again during World Wars I and II as part destined for the allotment community.
The toll on merchant ships, and food shortages increased the census identified allotment sites statutory, temporary, demand for allotments. Plot-level in- were given allotments Allotment. Allotments formation was not attained for all boroughs, but of the 20 for probably played only a minor role in increasing food secu- which it was, there were 20, plots.
This changed during and Greenwich, splitting plots to meet the demands of long WWII, though, with the launch of the Dig for Victory waiting lists.
Of the 39 sites that were closed over the campaign in Like its sister Victory Garden promotion decade, it is important to note that several of these had across the Atlantic, the purpose of this initiative was to aid statutory tenure London Assembly For example, in the war effort by increasing food security and lessening the , five applications were made to dispose of statutory demand on commercial food supplies and transportation, sites and all were approved London Assembly Data from London Assembly from 1, people in to 4, in The length of , but agriculture was notably absent: The legislation associated with allotment provision is ing the election of Mayor Boris Johnson to office in complex London Assembly , but the fact that demand Mayor of London Some of these were taken on board, and the more, a significant threat to allotments emerged in early policy directly relating to urban agriculture in the revised when this year-old obligation for councils to provide London Plan is Policy 7.
A campaign to protect the food will be encouraged nearer to urban communities via such legislation was mounted, enlisting numerous food and gar- mechanisms as Capital Growth. It was launched in with funding through the London Development Agency with 3. The goal was achieved—just! The program is policies of the Mayor of London are important in setting the supported by the Local Food program of the Big Lottery prominence and direction of urban agriculture in development Fund, a philanthropic arm of The National Lottery, and is planning for Greater London.
While it could be argued that urban 50 km from the orchard McWilliams In some cases, agriculture has not received the representation it should have car emissions to the distributor can be greater than transpor- in important strategic planning documents, it is probably fair tation emissions during production or distribution Larsen et to say that London is a leader of such local food initiatives.
The which no doubt significantly contributes to the carbon foot- brainchild of celebrity chef Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, print Saunders Landshare Ewing and Rong ; Glaeser , and to this end, it recently expanded its domain to Australia and Canada and has has been argued that urban agriculture could significantly started listing allotment sites on the London branch.
The carbon footprint of urban agriculture and use of food However, LCAs of food imports and exports in the miles as the emissions indicator is hotly contested Blanke literature are limited in the number of countries and food types and Burdick ; Edwards-Jones et al. Studies Lawrence ; Saunders and Barber Proponents examining apple exports from New Zealand to the UK found argue that reduced food miles will result in fewer emissions contradictory results; a UK study found that local production by reducing transportation costs Paxton But in some was more energy-efficient Jones , while New Zealand circumstances, urban agriculture may lead to a net increase studies suggested the opposite Saunders et al.
Clearly, there is a need for a consistent inputs for plant growth in unfavorable environments, such approach to defining system boundaries and a systematic meth- as with tomatoes grown in Spain and transported to the UK odology for comparing different systems. Assumptions such as versus tomatoes grown in heated greenhouses in the UK time of year, production scale, the specific food type, and land DEFRA In fact, returning briefly to the USA, the use change will heavily influence the final carbon footprint only comprehensive LCA to date for an entire food system calculation Edwards-Jones et al.
Attributing the entire transportation emission cost to food is inaccurate if food commodities are shipped with The history of urban agriculture in Australia follows similar other non-food cargo Rama and Lawrence Air trends to those in the USA and Britain, as documented by freight of horticultural products from Africa to Europe is a Gaynor , from which the following description is particularly interesting situation because the produce is largely drawn.
To reflect true transportation costs, anal- growing some of their own food. Informal campaigns to ysis must take into account the uncertainty in the probability encourage wartime home food production started around of cargo being shipped with and without the food. Econo- , but it was not until that the more serious and mies of scale must also be addressed in an analysis of official Grow Your Own campaign was launched by the production and transportation, looking at tonnes of produce Commonwealth Department of Commerce and Agriculture.
Australia from to , respectively. Such analyses are urgent- working class rather than the poor and marginalized ly required to place the costs and benefits of permaculture Gaynor For the poor, even though food accounted into context. Melbourne in prior to the permaculture movement Hering Unlike in the USA, the sidelining of home food production , but many community gardens around Australia today are in Australia after World War II was not as drastic, with more linked with permaculture projects Permaculture Global On the other hand, lifestyle changes in the post-war era Kingsley and Townsend ; Community Garden WA were significant as mainstream society embraced the novelty ; Community Garden Network Curiously, CSA and convenience of supermarket shopping and frozen goods programs are not popular in Australia, despite their success in and improved technology allowed foods to be eaten out of the USA, with only two in the state of Victoria Carey et al.
At the same time, commercial Food education programs in schools, however, agricultural production in metropolitan areas began shrinking are popular. The Kitchen Garden Foundation, a primary in the s. In Perth, Western Australia, the number of school program where children learn to garden and cook dairies fell from in to 22 in , and the extent of the harvested fruits and vegetables, was started in market gardens declined from 1, acres in to under and has now expanded to over schools around acres between and Cooper Australia Kitchen Garden Foundation The environmental movement that swept the USA during In addition to these forms of urban agriculture, commercial the s brought back enthusiasm for urban agriculture in peri-urban agriculture plays an important role in Australian Australia as well Gaynor , although the resurgence food production.
Their book, Permaculture 1: A Pe- production, a conservative estimate due to the non-retail agri- rennial Agricultural System for Human Settlements, was cultural production not accounted for Houston Farmers markets are a more recent addition, with around the world, including Central and South America, the first one appearing in They have gained popularity; Asia, and Africa, for use in backyards, community gardens, there are now at least such markets across the country, and larger-scale farms Permaculture Global Though there are no national data demonstrat- and Roots Within metropolitan Melbourne, signif- ing that these losses have resulted from expanding urban icant portions of horticultural and agricultural lands have sprawl, over the last 10 years, there has been a decline of been handed over to other uses over the last half of the total agricultural land across Australia from million century Carey et al.
Such changes have spurred hectares in to million hectares in ABS significant media coverage of food security concerns, the At the Royal urban growth boundary to include key areas in the west- Australian Planning Institute Conference in Western Sydney ern and eastern horticultural precincts has caused land in , in response to a question on agricultural planning in values to increase several times over, and many farmers Sydney, a planning official replied: Low Choy et al.
Indeed, the establishment of the Greater Shepparton Food Security Alliance in late marked the start of discussions about urban agriculture and its role in food security in regional 4. Already, the city to cope with climate change and energy security scenarios council has made commitments to increase production, dis- FAO ; Commonwealth of Australia ; Millar and tribution, and consumption of locally within 50 km of the Roots But it is not clear how consump- water scarcity in certain social sectors.
The use of existing urban and peri-urban lands for food Department of Primary Industries, is notably absent from production through encouragement of community gardens, the plan and its development. Instead, the approach is to continue support Water security is a continuing challenge worldwide, and of existing commercial agricultural sectors in urban centers Australia is not exempt, with recent droughts putting strain outside the state or territory capitals, known as regional cities on both agricultural and urban water supplies Radcliffe Beer et al.
As water is a critical resource for urban agriculture, jobs are located there. Around the world, water supplies for urban agri- also recognized by the regional cities themselves.
In places culture vary, with most sources in developing nations being such as Greater Shepparton in regional Victoria, supporting either raw or diluted wastewater Hamilton et al. But no examples of centralized and decentralized wastewater irri- explicit connection to the consumption of local food or sup- gation options for urban agriculture. The two largest waste- port of social initiatives related to food security was made in water treatment plants in Melbourne underwent upgrades the Greater Shepparton urban plan, despite evidence of food and now supply reclaimed water to neighboring market insecurity issues in regional cities GSCC and Coomes Con- gardens on the peri-urban fringe.
The Western Treatment sulting For example, in , 8. The urban agriculture movement is restrictions by establishing informal bucketing graywater establishing a presence though: A recent study found that Rather, it is hypothesized that these paddy fields and fruit trees. Untreated graywater reuse is not regulated by were intentionally planned as both a source of rice for food legislation, but EPA guidelines exist and recommend that security and as reservoirs that prevented flooding during graywater not be used on vegetables and crops that are eaten storm surges.
These The most obvious source of water at the household and gardens were not merely for recreation—they were sites of community garden level is the mains water supply, although legitimate agricultural production. Similar to the Lea Valley rainwater harvesting also has a long tradition of domestic use cucumbers of London, the present-day names of a variety of in Australia. Another potential source of water for urban agriculture that remains to be explored is storm water.
Modeling for During the twentieth century, population growth and subse- Melbourne predicts an annual volume of GL from urban quent urban development pushed agriculture out of the runoff, of which only 10 GL storm water and rainwater are cities. Prior to , Japanese urban planning focused pri- currently harvested and used so far, mostly for third-pipe or marily on key industrial infrastructure to promote economic dual-pipe schemes involving reticulation systems separate growth, and little effort was given to plan or regulate resi- from drinking water Living Victoria Ministerial Advisory dential development Sorensen As a result of rapid Council The City Planning Act attempted to contain 5.
This has placed Japan in a somewhat vulnerable situation, and these concerns have spurred both government and citizens to action. In contrast to many Western developed countries, the mixture of rural and urban land uses, including agricultural cultivation, has long been in the history of Japanese cities, as documented by Yokohari et al. As far back as the eighth century, several city blocks in Kyoto have remained as agricultural land—even through the feudal eras.
Similar- ly, the city of Edo now Tokyo had planned agricultural farmland amid residential areas even during the population expansions of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Figure 5 shows an extract of a map of Edo from the early Fig. Black patches represent rice paddies, whereas Edo Castle, where rice paddies in black are scattered white spaces represent mixed residential and commercial uses among residences. Since the area was mostly under sea republished with permission from Yokohari et al.
This ram- of an alternative food system. The area with the national Food Education Basic Law in Mah devoted to rice production in Tokyo was at its peak in Urbanization has not been the only driving force behind The goal was to address a wide range of food policy and health the decline of agriculture.
Rice was presented as the very foundation production decreased. The focus on individ- communities had transitioned to mixed societies in which ual responsibilities to eat healthier diets, and especially the agriculture was no longer dominant Kitahara This, responsibility of women to prepare home-cooked meals, has coupled with an aging farming population and increasing overshadowed other issues Kimura Approximately mentioned in the food policy plan.
The program has grown in popularity, and in , there 5. The urbanite-turned-agriculturalists are primarily people Concerns about food security were elevated by a series of from older generations who are motivated by a desire for a food-related scandals, such as corporate falsification of labels connection with nature, self-sufficiency in food, landscape and food poisoning, and both government and the public conservation, better quality of food, and other factors Yokohari began to campaign for food reform Imamura et al.
Isolated or abandoned Kimura Started by non- professional in their agricultural activities Yokohari et al. Actions range from raising awareness agricultural plots that became recreational spaces during the about the benefits of local food, encouraging food education s Yokohari et al.
The Agricultural Land Chisan-chisho gained further legitimacy when the national Allotments Rental Law made it possible for farmers to rent Japanese government included it in its Revitalization out land for garden use, both in urban and rural municipalities, Plan for Food and Agriculture and in the New Basic and by , around , people were shimin noen holders Plan as a way to increase domestic consumption Kimura and Wiltshire and Azuma But the impact of these leisure Nishiyama While chisan-chisho focused primarily on gardens was much less substantial than other similar systems changing social perceptions around local food as a safer and because the average garden area was only 50 m2 Yokohari et better option, rather than encouraging self-production of food, al.
Urban agriculture in developed countries 5. The laissez-faire urban priority issues requiring further investigation. A continual threat to urban agriculture is the loss of land Sorensen , with conflicts arising between the vari- agricultural land in urban and peri-urban areas. Urban ous land uses. The proximity of agricultural lands to residential sprawl and the widening disparity between the capitalized areas has increased human exposure to agrochemicals.
In an value of farmland and the opportunity price for urban use, agricultural community in the suburbs of Tokyo, it was found as described in the Australian context, are occurring that aerosols of organophosphate pesticide-infiltrated houses around the world, resulting in less and less agricultural and childcare facilities located near farms and, depending on land in and near cities.
The impacts of this on food the nature of the pesticide, exposure from indoor air constituted production require more understanding. Methods to a significant portion of the daily pesticide inhalation Kawahara address urban growth should not be applied uniformly.
Surface runoff from agricultural pesticides has also Use of growth boundaries and controlled greenbelts may contributed to the degradation of water quality and increased be appropriate for some areas, for example in European toxicity to aquatic organisms Okamura et al. In addition, intensive fertilizer use has significantly Yokohari et al. Infrastructure and support for urban farmers at individ- tations, orchards, vegetable fields, and livestock farms, includ- ual, community, and commercial levels need to be in- ing those areas in close proximity to urban centers Kumazawa cluded in food policy plans for urban agriculture to be ; Gallardo et al.
In some cases, such as in the USA, evidence of Agriculture is not the only source of pollution because food such support is visible. Depending on the scale of urban grown in urban areas can be contaminated by industrial pollu- agriculture, different types of institutional support are tion. Cadmium contamination is especially prevalent in Japan needed at the local, city, state, and country levels.
Even due to its long history of metal mining and factory work dating if food policy plans are not developed, management of back to the Meiji Era, from to Arao et al. The urban agriculture needs to be included in major city itai-itai disease, a type of chronic cadmium poisoning, emerged planning documents. Urban growth boundaries in par- in Japan around , but the cause of the disease remained ticular will have a major impact on land availability and, unknown until , when a doctor detected large amounts of thus, food production.
Regulation of vacant lot use cadmium in the cremation ashes of a patient who died of itai-itai should include mention of agricultural activities, bear- Imamura et al.
Eventually, the link was made to locally ing in mind potential negative impacts such as soil grown rice irrigated with cadmium-contaminated river water contamination, fertilizer use, and groundwater pollu- from the Kamioka Copper Mine Imamura et al.
Without appropriate mechanisms of governance, et al. Dietary consumption of rice was and still is almost urban agricultural activities may develop inefficient and exclusively the source of cadmium intake, and given the gov- uncoordinated ways. The role of urban agriculture in increasing the self- contamination issue needs to be addressed as a matter of urgen- sufficiency of cities requires more understanding.
While cy Tsukahara et al. Regulation the economic benefits of globalization and free trade are of cadmium contamination of food and agricultural soils began doubtless, cases such as Japan highlight the social im- in the s, but the levels of cadmium in Japanese people were pacts of heavy reliance on imported goods.
There is still found to be highest among other East and Southeast Asian little literature on whether self-sufficiency in food pro- countries during the s Watanabe et al. It may take several more decades for increase in population and food demand in the coming countermeasures to significantly reduce cadmium contamina- decades, this issue should be more closely scrutinized. Vertical farming may have a role to play, however small, in city self-sufficiency, but much more quantitative analysis is needed to back the theoretical ideas put forth 6 Conclusions by Despommier The risks posed by industrial or traffic pollution of Urban agriculture has taken many different forms in the locally grown food need to be addressed.
With land developed world over the course of the last century. Given the importance of both positive and negative should be very clear to ensure that food production effects, it is time that urban agriculture be taken seriously in avoids areas of soil contamination and heavy metal the developed world.
Information should also be distributed at the The question presented in this review then is whether household level regarding soil testing and the safety of there will indeed be strawberry fields forever in cities. On the other end, more incentives for current trends of urban agriculture across the developed developers to remediate brownfields are necessary to world indicate that the practice is growing and evolving as prevent environmental injustice to communities living crises emerge and fade.
Yet, with growing urban populations in areas with high proportion of contaminated lands. Already, there is inter-sector competition between ture is not as much of a serious concern in the developed agricultural, industrial, and residential needs for energy, world as in the developing world Hamilton et al. As discussed in the accompanying publication of urban ; Bell et al. The impact agriculture in the developing world Hamilton et al.
The benefits and costs outlined tamination of water supplies with agrochemical pollut- qualitatively in this review should be quantified in the ants in Japan. Food miles and the broader debate about the carbon manufacturing, residential housing, and trade. Methods for LCAs are not uniform across fragmented nature be less efficient with respect to water, studies, and currently, the costs and benefits are typical- fertilizer applications, harvesting, and other operations than ly considered without regard to parameter uncertainty.
Does the highly complex calculation and depends heavily on the need to build houses and industrial operations outweigh the context of the particular city setting as well as the food need to produce food near or within cities? Would the product in question. How much are people will- any worse or better than imported goods.
Furthermore, ing to pay for local fresh produce in cases of unsuitable given the economic and political implications of local climate and inefficient resource availability? Even if the food as protectionism, it is imperative that any emission uncertainties of all these parameters can be estimated for analysis of urban agriculture be objective and rigorous. For example, are there moral dilemmas The justification for urban agriculture in the developed associated with denying developing countries the option of world is often presented very differently from that in the exporting food to wealthier nations in lieu of locally grown developing world Hamilton et al.
And what are world, urban agriculture is typically a matter of subsistence the moral implications of not addressing the issue of food survival; in the developed world, it is hailed as part capital- deserts in developed countries?
Although urban agriculture in the There is no single solution to the global food crisis, and developed world has long been dismissed as a by-product of urban agriculture will certainly not be a silver bullet.
It larly in developed countries. Rather, a balance of urban and would be an inaccurate generalization to say that participa- conventional agricultural production should be sought—an tion is limited to the higher socioeconomic classes in devel- optimal level that will differ from country to country and oped countries.
In places such as the USA and Canada, city to city. To reach this balance, however, urban agricul- urban agriculture is a tool for marginalized communities to ture needs to be taken seriously and its potential contribu- increase food security as well as social and economic well- tions to food production assessed rigorously.
Patrick Laplagne for and ground-water contamination: J Pub Health Pol Curr Opin Environ Sust 2: Agric Hum Val Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, Australia doi: Reg Sci Urban Econ Anon Bid to protect Lea Valley cucumbers. Paddy Water Environ 8: Environment Committee, London Assembly: Greater City of Environ Pollut City of Melbourne City of Melbourne food policy.
J Plant Nutr 3: The intergenerational report. Commonwealth consumption of home-grown vegetables in Melbourne, Australia. J Wat Sustain 1: Prev Chron Dis 6: Gentilli J ed Western in regional Australia.
Australian Government Publishing Service, landscapes. Crouch D, Ward C The allotment: Follett JR Choosing a food future: J Agr Environ Ethic Am J Prev Med Agron Sustain Dev Landsc Urban Plann Sustain, United Kingdom NJ residents lack access to healthy fresh food.
J Cons Prot F Saf 6: XII than good to the environment. The emissions and urban development. J Urban Econ Economist, 7 July , Seattle doi: Goulburn Valley food production.
Int J Agron Sust 8: Vadose Zone J energy use. Housing Pol Debate
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